Thursday, March 24, 2011

Turn On Relay Delay for Power Amplifier

This is a circuit which built to one of my audio amplifier projects to control the speaker output relay. The purpose of this circuit is to control the relay which turns on the speaker output relay in the audio amplifier.

Turn On Relay Delay Circuit
Turn On Relay Delay Circuit for power amplifier

The idea of the circuit is wait around 5 seconds ofter the power up until the speakers are switched to the amplifier output to avoid annoying "thump" sound from the speakers. Another feature of this circuit is that is disconnects the speaker immediately when the power in the amplifier is cut off, so avoiding sometimes nasty sounds when you turn the equipments off.

This circuit is not the most accurate and elegant design, but it has worked nicely in my small home-built PA amplifier. This circuit can be also used in many other applications where a turn on delay of few seconds is needed. The delay time can be increased by using bigger C2 and decreased by using a smaller C2 value. Note that the delay is not very accurate because of simplicity of this circuit and large tolerance of typical electrolytic capacitors.

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