Thursday, March 24, 2011

12v Battery Monitor Circuit by LM339 Comparator

This is an interesting 12V Battery Monitor circuit of a low power electronic dc voltmeter circuit that can be used with car electric systems that run on 12 volt batteries.

12v Battery Monitor Circuit12v Battery Monitor Circuit by LM339 Comparator

LM339 Pinout

In the circuit having a voltage quad comparator (LM339) is used as a simple bar graph meter to indicate the state of charge 12-volt lead-acid battery acid. A 5 volt reference voltage is in each of the (+) inputs of four comparators and the (-) inputs are connected, each point is connected to a voltage divider. The LED lights up when the voltage at the negative (-)-input exceeds the reference voltage. Calibration can be by adjusting the 2K potentiometer so that all four LEDs illuminate when the battery voltage is 12.7 volts indicates a full charge with no load on the battery is done. At 11.7 volts, the LED should be made, and shows an empty battery. Each LED is a change of about 25% charge or 300 millivolts, so that 3 LEDs indicate 75%, 2 LEDs indicate 50%, etc.

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